A yellow line denotes the historical boundaries of Macedonia.
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|III. The Macedonian State Becomes One of the Hellenistic Kingdoms.|
|335 B.C. ||The twenty-year-old son of Philip II, Alexander III,continues the work of his father as leader of the Greeks.
||334 B.C. ||Alexander begins his campaign against the Persians, while Antipater,loyal friend of his father, remains in Macedonia as regent.
||323 B.C. ||The death of Alexander the Great serves as a motive for the southern Greeks to express their dissatisfaction (in the Lamian War) and for clashes between his successors. Cassander succeeds his father Antipater and acts as mediator between the opposing and legitimate successors. By marrying to Thessalonica, daughter of Philip II, his aim is to appear as the continuator of the Argead dynasty.
||295 B.C. ||Following the death of Cassander, Demetrius Poliorcetes returns to Greece with desings on Macedonia. In Thessaly, he founds Demetrias. He is subsequently expelled, and Macedonia falls into anarchy. The Galatians pillage Macedonia.
||274 B.C. ||Antigonus Gonatas founds a new dynasty, the Antigonids. He bases his authority on the tradition of the earlier Macedonian kings.
||229 B.C. ||Antigonus Doson repels the Dardanians.
||197 B.C.|| The Macedonians are defeated by the Romans at the Battle of Cynoscephalae. As a result, Philip V is forced to restrict the boundaries of Macedonia to their traditional limits.
||168 B.C.|| Battle of Pydna. The Roman general L. Aemilius Paullus defeats Perseus,the King of Macedonia.