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Work packages


WP1: Pesticide Productivity, Efficiency, and Shadow Pricing for Stochastic Agricultural Production Technologies

The objectives of Working Package 1 are: (i) A detailed pesticides technical overview; (ii) an assessment of the existing theoretical and empirical literature on pesticides’ effects on the agricultural production process; (iii) to develop a theoretical model of the agricultural production process that captures its inherently stochastic nature and the role that pesticide application plays in enhancing the production of desirable outputs, such as increased productivity and efficiency, as well as the production of potentially environmental damaging by-products, such as air and water pollution; (iv) to provide a methodological framework for measuring pesticide productivity and its shadow price that takes into account the unique nature of farm production; (v) to analyze empirically the productivity, efficiency, and shadow prices of pesticide applications in the agricultural production process. The empirical analyses will be carried out in two case studies, the first one in Greece and the second one in the Netherlands.

WP2: Analysis of the Effects of Pesticide Use on Operators’ Health Status and on Their Individual Productivity Levels

This Work Package will investigate the effects of pesticide use on farm operators’ health, as well as productivity differences among farmers. Extensive pesticide use in agricultural activities has a two-way impact on farm productivity. First, pesticides act as a damage-control input improving plant resistance against pests and promoting farm production growth. Second, the heavy use of pesticides is extremely harmful for farmers’ (and any operators’) health, may cause serious health problems and hence decrease their productivity levels and the competitiveness of their production practices. The identification of this trade-off between expansion of production due to the use of pesticides and the fall of productivity due to the decrease of human capital has important policy implications and affects farmers’ decisions. The question raised is how to quantify these two effects so that the optimal use of pesticides is obtained. To address these issues, a theoretical and methodological framework will be developed, and implemented in two case studies. The countries selected for these case studies are the ones selected for the case studies under Work Package 1 (i.e., Greece and Netherlands), so that both Work Packages will provide a full picture of the impact of the use of pesticides on farmers.

WP3: The Costs of Achieving Environmental Targets for Pesticides

This Work Package investigates the linkage between changes in agricultural production and environmental damage on surface waters using a pesticide indicator of environmental damage. In addition, the Work Package will address how costs of adopting beneficial management practices, resulting in reduced deterioration of surface water quality, can be calculated using mathematical modelling.

WP4: Indirect Pesticides Costs on Consumers’ Willingness to Pay

The main objective of this Work Package is to examine the impact of pesticides reduction from a consumer point of view. Consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for the reduced use of pesticides in the production of fresh and processed foods will be measured. In addition, this work package will analyse the efficient way to disseminate the information on pesticides reduction to consumers (brands, signals of quality, different labels, etc.).  Experimental markets will be carried out in Portugal and France.

WP5: Economic Sustainability, Biodiversity Loss and Socially Optimal Pesticide Use

The objectives of this Work Package are: (i) An assessment of the existing theoretical and empirical literature on modelling economic sustainability, valuing biodiversity, and defining pesticides tax policy in the context of economic growth and externalities; (ii) To evaluate the impacts of the tax and levy scheme on farm-level decision making to gauge the micro-foundations of the alternative macro-level solutions.(iii) To implement an empirical investigation of pesticide tax and levy schemes to assess the impacts on agriculture and the environment.

WP6: Agricultural Support Policies and Optimum Tax and Levy Scheme on Pesticide Use in Farm Production

The objectives of the proposed research in the context of this Work Package are: (i) To design a realistic and effective tax and levy scheme that reduces the use of pesticides to a socially optimal level from the point of view of a policy maker, who takes into account the negative effects of pesticide use on consumers, farmers, and the environment and the positive effects of pesticide control inputs to the agricultural production. (ii) To study the effects of different agricultural support systems (e.g. price supports, single payments and area payments) on pesticide use. (iii) To conduct an empirical investigation of the policy effects on pesticide use that will help the research team in testing and evaluating the theoretical results.

WP7: Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Willingness to Adopt Low Pesticide Input System Among Arable and Horticultural Producers

The aim of this Work Package is to assess the feasibility and potential benefits of producers adopting such low-pesticide input systems through evaluating a range of socio-economic factors affecting producers’ willingness to adopt low pesticide input production methods in arable production and in horticulture and permanent crops. The specific objectives are: (i) To develop an interdisciplinary framework identifying economic and social factors that influence the adoption of organic farming and other low pesticide input systems among the sectors that most likely use pesticides (various horticulture, permanent crops and arable production as defined by Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) methodology). (ii) To assess the relative profitability of organic and reduced pesticide system management compared to traditional methods and the impact of shifting to a different, low pesticide input production function for different farm types (various horticulture, permanent crops and arable production as defined by Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) methodology). (iii) To develop a range of different scenario models for varying levels of relative profitability for low pesticide input production. These models will be tested to different farm types (as above). (iv) To identify the producers’ response to profitability scenarios through discussion groups with producers of different types in the UK, Bulgaria and the Netherlands.

WP8: Implementing policy recommendations for reducing the indirect cost of pesticides use

In this Work Package, the policy tools and recommendations from the previous Working Packages are summarized and the results are synthesized under a broader perspective so as to generate a solid policy framework that includes agricultural policy measures, consumer protection measures as well as environmental policy measures. Deliverables in this package are primarily intended for policy makers. Therefore, deliverables will be concise and integrated in a manner that enables easy-and-ready-to-use by policy makers. In this sense emphasis will be placed not on the technical details but rather on the usefulness of the methodology and the interpretation of the results within a policy-implication point of view.

WP9: Demonstration and Dissemination of the Results

The principal objective of this Work Package is the in-depth analysis and dissemination of the main results obtained from the proposed empirical research. Particular emphasis will be placed on the dissemination of the results to the widest-possible audience, focusing on EU officials and policy-makers, other agents involved in agricultural and environmental decision-making and academics.

WP10: Project Management and Assessment

The objective of this Work Package is to set and apply the appropriate procedures to periodically monitor the activities of the participants the whole project, so that the financial and timetable constraints are met, the contractual obligations are fulfilled and the expected results are delivered on time. It also provides the partners with guidelines for the management of unexpected events, and monitors whether ethical and gender issues arise.



                                                Last Update 28-10-2010 | Copyright © 2008 TEAMPEST  All Rights Reserved.